Causes Of Dry Eye Disease

rubbing eye closeup

There can be many causes of Dry Eye Disease (DED) and it may take some time and trial & error testing to figure it out. The following are some of the most common causes:

  • Aging: Aging is one of the most common causes of dry eyes because tear production tends to diminish as you get older.
  • Environment: Hot, dry, and windy weather; heaters and air conditioners; and high altitudes increase the evaporation of tears. Ceiling fans are another common factor.
  • Computer Use: Computer users have a tendency to “stare” at a screen for long periods without blinking. This insufficient blinking pattern is often the cause for dry eyes in increasingly younger people. Dry eyes are one of the reasons that we often recommend the use of computer eyeglasses.
  • Poor Lid Function: As you blink, your eyelids continuously spread a thin film of tears over the surface of your eye. Problems with eyelids, such as out-turning of the lids (ectropion) or an in-turning of the lids (entropion) can contribute to Dry Eye Disease. Poor eyelid function can be addressed by our Fellowship Trained Oculofacial Plastic Surgeon, Dr. Charles Anthony.
  • Contact Lenses: Long term contact lens wear can negatively affect your tear production. If you are a contact lens wearer, you should ask your eye doctor about some brands of contact lenses that work better for dry eye patients.
  • Smoking: If you need yet another reason to stop smoking, add Dry Eye Disease to the list. Recent studies have suggested that smoking can greatly increase your risk for dry eyes.
  • Medical Conditions: Hormonal changes, especially in women, can cause problems with dryness. Also, patients suffering from thyroid disease, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, eczema, Sjogren’s syndrome, lupus, scleroderma, and other systemic conditions often experience Dry Eye Disease. In addition, blepharitis, an inflammation of the eyelids, is a common cause.
  • Medications: Diuretics, allergy medication, antihistamines, and many other common medications can all produce dry eye symptoms. Also, a lack of some vitamins may increase dryness.

If you have Dry Eye Disease symptoms, call toll free 1-866-865-2020 or contact The Eye Associates for a dry eye evaluation appointment.